Windows Azure Service Bus Relayed Messaging

Posted: March 9, 2013 in Windows Azure

As for the Service Bus, the Windows Azure
middleware solving the EAI (Enterprise application integration), here is the first way to do the messaging using the Relayed Messaging. Let me first explain what does Relayed Messaging means.

Here are the 3 ways of messaging using the Relay messaging:

  • Direct one way messaging
  • Request/response messaging
  • Peer to Peer messaging

For the Binding there are several ways of bindings, certainly that matches all the different ways of Relay Messaging.

  • TCP Relay Binding know as: NetTcpRelayBinding
  • WS Relay Binding know as: WSHttpRelayBinding
  • One Way Relay Binding known as: NetOneWayRelayBinding
  • Event Relay Binding Known as: NetEventRelayBinding

Now starting for the first type of binding the TCP Relay Binding. Actually this type of binding has also three types of binding mode:

  • Relay
  • Direct
  • Hybrid

Each one of them has a specific time to be used in, however there are some people who always go for the easiest one which is the hybrid but I have to clarify all of them. The TCP Relay binding mode “Relay” is used when you are connecting the service and the client through the service itself. First of all the Service has to authenticate itself in the service bus, the clients too has to authenticate itself to the service then it can sends the required message to the service. At the end, the service would be able to send the required message to the client.

The second TCP Relay Binding mode “Direct”, this mode is used for establishing direct connections between the client and the service without having any needs to use the service or passing by it. Like the Relay mode the Service has to authenticate itself, then the client too after that service bus will show them, the client and the service how they can establish connection between them and communicate directly. Working on the Message Security is a must.

The third TCP Relay Binding mode “Hybrid”, from its name you can get that it is a mix from the 2 other modes the Relay and the Direct. Well it is a Yes, like the two other services the authentication for the client and the service has to be done first after that the initialized mode is the relayed. The second step is to check if the direct mode could be achieved successfully, if yes than the switch will be done automatically otherwise the binding will remain the same. Also working on the security is a must.

PS: the TCP Relay Binding is not interoperable, in other words it always assume that the other side is using the same binding so it doesn’t work with other bindings.

Now with the Second type of binding the WSHttpRelayBinding, this one is easier than the NetTcpRelayBinding, it is interoperable, can work with different kind of binding running on the other side over HTTP and HTTPS protocols.

The third type is the NetOneWayRelayBinding, this type of binding doesn’t work like the others, it is a bit different, and although it has some drawbacks like you may face some problems delivering its messages but it is most commonly used when you cannot be sure of the current status of the Service.

The Fourth and last type of binding is the NetEventRelayBinding, this one is commonly used when you are targeting to distribute your message along multiple clients. In case like the above, the service must be connected using the NetEventRelayBinding but the client will have the option to connect using one of the two bindings, the NetEventRelayBinding or the NetOneRelayBinding.

In the following link you can learn step by step how to create Service Bus Relayed Messaging.

For better understanding how Service Bus Relay Messaging works, you can find more about it in this article, one of my resources.

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